1911 1912 1913
1914 1915 1916
1917 1918 1919
In what year did the Titanic sink,
Oreo's and Lifesavers invented, and the nucleus of an atom discovered? In case
you haven't figured it out by now (from the heading), the year was 1912. It
was a time of change. Minimum wage laws for women and children were passed,
the famous E.I. Du Pont gets some of his businesses shut down in court because
of monopoly and A&P expands from 500 stores to opening a new store every
three days for the following three years. Read on to find out more about the
year of reform, 1912.
- International Workers of the World
organizes a successful
strike of textile workers on January 12 in Lawrence, Massachusetts. This
promotes it among eastern textile workers.
Gordon Low begins The Girl Guides of America on March 12 in Savannah,
Georgia. The next year, it is renamed The Girl Scouts of America and its
headquarters are in New York.
- In April the National Biscuit Company introduces a
new biscuit with a cream filling between two chocolate wafers to rival
Hydrox biscuit bon-bons. Nabisco changed the name in 1958 to Oreo
- The supposed "unsinkable" S.S.
Titanic, sinks on her maiden voyage because it scrapes and
iceberg in the North Atlantic. Named the largest passenger liner in the
world at that time, the Titanic sunk in 2 1/2 hours. Of the
2,223 passengers, only 706 survived.
- The 1912
summer Olympics was held in Stockholm, Sweden. The US won 63 medals: 25
gold, 18 silver and 20 bronze.
- On September 3, Filene's
opens in Boston. It has a 7-foot tall doorman.
- The play, The
Firefly, opens up opened at the Empire Theatre in Syracuse on
October 14, 1912 and in New York on December 2, 1912.
Red Sox moved into a new ballpark on April 12.
They went on to beat the New York Giants 4 games to 3 in the World Series.
- Harvey Cushing wrote a book that advanced
knowledge about the relationship between the pituitary
gland and diabetes.
Ziegfeld Follies opened up in Moulin Rouge, NY.
the presidential election, former U.S. president, Theodore Roosevelt ran
for president again but lost to Woodrow Wilson won. This is the first time
Democrats had control over the White House since 1897 when Grover Cleveland
left the office.
- Oklahoma Indian James
Francis "Jim" Thorpe wins both the pentathlon and decathlon at
the fifth Olympiad ever held. He scored 8, 412 points out of the potential
10,000 in the decathlon and won four firsts in the pentathlon. Thorpe
returned to the events to score 25 touchdowns and 198 points. But after
admitting that he had played semi-professional baseball the previous year,
and because of his Native American ancestry, he gets his medals taken away.
Also at the insistence of the AAU, Thorpe gets his name taken out of the
Olympic record book. However he is named the greatest athlete and football
player in twentieth century.
- J.E. Brandemberger perfects cellophane
and patents it.
Picture Corp. is created.
- German American engineer Grover
Loening designs and creates the first amphibious aircraft. Two years
before, he receives the first ever U.S. masters degree in aeronautic from
Columbia University. This degree and his "aeroboat" caused Orville
Wright to hire him as his assistant and manager the next year.
Mexico was annexed on January 6th, 1912 as the 47th
state. On February 14, 1912, Arizona
was annexed as the 48th state.
Rockne was chosen as Notre Dame football captain.
- R.F. Scott travels
to the South Pole and breaks the record by reaching the most southern
point out of all past expeditions.
- The nucleus
of an atom is discovered by a New Zealand physicist named Rutherford.
- Swiss psychiatrist Carl
Jung publishes his theory of psychoanalysis.
- Clarence Crane created LifeSavers
- Near Los Angeles, California, the
Hills Hotel opens. It is a favorite place for many people in the movie
- Pablo Picasso paints The
- An International RadioTelegraph Conference
accepts three dots, three dashes and three dots (SOS)
as the universal signal for distress.
- Richard Hellmann, 35, a New York
delicatessen owner, presents Hellmann's
Blue Ribbon Mayonnaise.
- The Russian underground Communist party
circulates a newspaper called Pravda.
This shows the opinions of the communists even though Lenin uses the word
truth for it. It comes to have the world's largest circulation of any
- Exaggerated claims are forbidden by the Sherley
Amendment to the U.S. Pure Food and Drug Law of 1906.
a German company, manufactures the electric iron.
University is established in Houston.
- Leon Leonwood Bean establishes
- Joseph Conrad writes Twixt
Land and Sea.
- Zane Grey, a former dentist, writes Riders
of the Purple Sage.
- Maria Montessori, an Italian educator,
Montessori Method. It tells how she taught slum children (from 3 to
6 years of age) how to read. Maria Montessori was the first woman ever to
graduate from Rome University medical school. She spreads her method of
teaching and establishes Montessori schools.
United States receives wild boars, which are kept in the North Carolina
Appalachians, along with other types of animals. Many escape and the number
of boars in the area grew to over 1,200.
- Kodiak Island is buried under several feet
of ash after Katmai,
a 6,175-foot tall Alaskan volcano, erupts 100 miles away.
- New Japanese
cherry trees are planted in Washington, D.C. after the first set of
- On April 14, a wireless operator, David
Sarnoff, unintentionally receives the message "S.S. Titanic
ran into iceberg. Sinking fast." He conveys it to another ship, and
learns that the Titanic has already sunk with some survivors. Other
wireless stations are commanded to stay silent by the President, and Sarnoff
records the names of survivors from his station.
- John C. Marin paints a watercolor known as
- Georges Braque invents collage,
a new style of art.
- Ezra Loomis Pound writes Ripostes.
- James Weldon Johnson writes the The
Autobiography of an Ex-Colored Man.
- Toys are added into every package of Cracker
1911 1912 1913
1914 1915 1916
1917 1918 1919
1910s 1920s 1930s
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