By Chris D.
and Marcelo P.
1957 1958 1959
1953 was a year of change,
planes continued to replace trains and boats as sources of long distance
transportation. Televisions also replaced the radio as a major source of
entertainment. Also people began to become more concerned of their health so
cigarette companies began putting filters on cigarettes for the first time. In
addition to this, the drought continued to worsen in the Midwest.
- A renaming of the New York
Curb Exchange on January 5, creates the American
is inaugurated on Tuesday, January 20.
Dewey Watson and Francis H.C. Crick discovered the structure of DNA and
the basics of how genetics work, in March.
- The U.S. Food and Drug
is placed in the new Department of Health, Education and Welfare on March 9.
- On March 31 Swedish
Hammarskjold, was elected Secretary-General of the UN.
- A new U.S.
Department of Health, Education and Welfare established by Congress
April 11 incorporates most of the functions of the Federal Security Agency.
"Jackie" Cochran is the first woman to break the sound on May
- New Zealand climber Edmund
Hillary and his Sherpa guide Tenzing Norkay, reached the summit of Mount
Everest on May 29.
Man by U.S. novelist Ralph Waldo Ellison is published in June, it is
about black identity.
- Casino Royale by Ian
Fleming is published on June 1, whose hero James Bond is a Secret
Service Agent 007.
- On July 27, an armistice
was signed ending the Korean
- The U.S.S.R. explodes a hydrogen
device on August 12.
H. Abplanalp develops a plastic valve mechanism for aerosol cans in
September, greatly reducing production costs.
- On October 5, the New
York Yankees won the World Series defeating the Brooklyn Dodgers and
gain the championship for the fifth consecutive time.
- On October 25, Japan
Airlines (JAL) is organized to give the Japanese their first national
- President Eisenhower
proposes an Atom
for Peace program December 8 in a speech to the UN General Assembly.
- In December, atomic
Robert Oppenheimer, is charged for having Communist sympathies and
with possible treason.
- Chicago publisher Hugh
Hefner has started his frankly sexist magazine Playboy. Playboy magazine
begins publication in December with a nude calendar.
- Early in the year, the polio
vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas Salk becomes available to the public.
- Chevrolet introduces the Corvette,
a two-seat sports car.
26th Annual Academy
Best Picture: From Here to Eternity
Best Actress: Audrey Hepburn in Roman Holiday
Best Actor: William Holden in Stalag 17
Best Drama: U.S. Steel Hour
Best Comedy: I Love Lucy
1957 1958 1959