By Chris and Steve
1954 is an important year for the 50's,
since many important events happened. For example in 1954 29 million U.S.
households have television sets, double the number in service three years
before Philadelphia Athletics move to Kansas City. While that year Davy
Crockett becomes a national fad; sales of "coonskin" caps soar. Then
the phrase "under God" added to the Pledge of Allegiance.
- The Supreme
Court Chief Justice Earl Warren orders the states to proceed to enforce
Brown v. Board of Education that racial separation in public schools is
unconstitutional. The court overturns the "separate but equal"
doctrine laid down in the deliberate speed" to integrate educational
facilities, but Topeka, Kan., requests time to formulate a plan for racial
balance and the father of Linda Brown brought the 1951 action and brought
the landmark decision.
Presley makes his first record "58."
- The new Stratocaster
electric guitar introduced by Leo Fender has three magnetic pickups for a
range of tones, a vibrato tailpiece, and other features that will make it a
begins the proliferation that will make it the world’s largest
food-service company in the world.A Nuclear-fusion
"device" exploded by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission March 1 at
Bikini Atoll in the South Pacific is hundreds of times more powerful than
the atom bomb which is very, very dangerous.
Vietnam gains "complete independence" and a free association
with France only if the terms of a treaty signed on June 4 by the French
premier Joseph Laniel and South Vietnam’s Prince Bau Loa was signed.
appeal for U.S. attends to help her troops surrounded at Dienbienphu in
Indochina. President Eisenhower declares that defeat of Communist aggression
in Southeast Asia is vitally important to the United States but declines to
deploy U.S. airpowers to relieve the siege.
- The IL-14 introduced in Soviet
Russia replaces the IL-12 that has been the Soviet DC-3.
- A solar
battery developed by Bell Laboratories makes it possible to convert
sunlight directly to electric power, but solar power is far too costly to
compete with other forms.
- The Nautilus
launched January 21 at Groton, Conn., is the first nuclear-powered
submarine.A nuclear-powered surface vessel.
- The world’s first nuclear
power station begins producing electricity for Soviet industry and
agriculture on June 27.It also has the power of 5,000 kilowatts.
Joseph McCarthy conducts nationally televised inquiries into communist
infiltration of the Army; his activities inspire a backlash and a
condemnation by the Senate.
Puerto Rican nationalists attack House of Representatives, shooting five
Jonas Salk begins inoculating schoolchildren with his polio vaccine.
- First successful Kidney
- English track star Dr.
Roger Bannister runs a mile in 3 minutes, 59.4 seconds May 6 at Oxford,
breaking the 4-minute barrier.
Drobny wins in men’s singles at Wimbledon, Maureen
Connolly in women’s singles; Vic Seixas wins in men’s singles at
Forest Hills, Doris Hart in women’s singles.
Annual Academy Awards
Best Picture: On the Waterfront
Best Actress: Grace Kelly in The
Best Actor: Marlon Brando in On the
Best Drama: US Steel Hour
Best Comedy: Make Room For Daddy